Okita

Okita

Object Title:

Okita

Series Title:

Seven Beauties Applying Make-up

Date:

c. 1789

Artist:

Kitagawa Utamaro

Publisher:

Tsutaya Jüzaburö < Tsutajü > Köshodö

Medium:

Color woodblock print Technique: Nishiki-e, Mica ground in mirror

Dimensions:

14 7/16 x 9 1/2 in. (36.6 x 24.2 cm) Other (mat): 25 x 19 cm (9 13/16 x 7 1/2 in.)

Credit Line:

Gift of James A. Michener, 1969 (15490)

Object Number:

15490

Other Title:

Kanji : おきた Series Kanji : 姿見七人化粧

Description:

This print depicts Okita, the star waitress of the Naniwa-ya teahouse. The mirror reflects her beautiful face while her actual figure is depicted from behind. In Japan, the nape of a woman's neck is traditionally considered one of the most sensual areas of the body. Utamaro's attempt to depict feminine sensuality is superbly represented in this composition. The Kansei era (1789-1801) was a period of extensive governmental reforms and regulations such as the one affecting the identification of famous courtesans. When the corrupt Tanuma administration was purged by the new shögun lenari in 1787, he immediately emphasized samurai ideals and most importantly, a correction of popular customs. This resulted in a ban on luxury, decorations, toys, etc. In the fifth month of 1790, the realm of publishing and ukiyo-e was attacked first with a ban on erotica, and then in the ninth month, with a requirement for censorship approval. Various other attacks followed, including one forbidding the naming of popular entertainers. The above print falls into the category of a veiled picture, since the name of the beauty, Okita, was understood through the symbolic use of the paulownia crest. (from "VOGUE in Japan: Edo Fashion through Japanese prints" exhibition 07/30/08-)